Geotagging with YongNuo GPS receiver for Nikon D700 (GP-1 compatible)

I’ve always fancied the Nikon GP-1 GPS on-camera receiver for its ability to directly write geotagging information to a photo, including the Nikon .NEF RAW format, thus greatly reducing the complexity of the post-processing workflow involved when using an off-camera GPS logger like the Holux-M241. The Nikon GP-1 still costs around USD 200 which IMHO is a bit overpriced.

Off-camera vs. on-camera GPS for geotagging photos

An on-camera GPS receiver talks directly to the camera using a connection cable and writes the GPS data to the photo when it’s taken. Typically, an on-camera GPS receiver doesn’t have its own power source and is powered by the camera’s battery.

Off-camera GPS means that there’s no direct connection between the camera and the GPS logger. An off-camera GPS logger logs your current position in regular intervals to an internal storage. That’s why they’re called GPS loggers. Many units are capable of storing several days of data even when they’re set to log the current position every few seconds. Using off-camera GPS loggers involves a post-processing workflow to store the GPS information in the photo’s metadata (EXIF header). Off-camera GPS loggers always have to use their own battery.

Yong Nuo (or YongNuo) GPS receiver N-918

I wasn’t ready to shell out 200 bucks for the Nikon GP-1. Instead, I had a look at the on-camera GPS units offered on eBay and the most listed, Nikon GP-1 compatible models are the YongNuo N-918, the JJC JC-36, and the Phottix Geotagger One GPS. According to the description, they’re all compatible with the Nikon D3, D3X, D200, D300 and the Nikon D700. I decided to go for YongNuo’s GPS unit because, at least judging from the images, it appealed most to me visually. Not a very sophisticated approach I know, but due to the lack of technical data that was all there was left.
It also carried the lowest price tag: USD 105 including free shipping from Hongkong to any common destination.

The N-918 comes with a wired remote control that can be plugged into the side of the N-918 GPS unit. The remote features a hold mechanism for bulb exposure.

On the outside, the N-918 looks well built. It has a green LED on top that indicates whether GPS data is received or not. A fast blinking (3 times a second) LED indicates that there’s no GPS signal. A slow blinking LED (once a second) indicates the unit is receiving GPS data. The N-918 has a data cable that has to be plugged into the 10-pin terminal on the Nikon DSLR camera. Once it is connected, the N-918 just works like the original Nikon GP-1. Fortunately, there’s an alignment mark on the plug so plugging it in is a quick and easy job.

Be prepared to wait at least 40 seconds until you gain an accurate position fix before you shoot your first photo after switching the camera on. Once the camera is on, the GPS signal is tracked continuosly, unless you enable the “auto meter off” option in the GPS menu. I looks like the GPS unit goes to some kind of hot standby mode if the “auto meter off” option is enabled as it only takes a couple of seconds to regain a position fix. Enabling this option saves a ton of battery life but don’t expect to get a dead accurate position fix within the first few seconds after re-activating the exposure meter, especially if you moved away from your previous position in the time between. The N-918 showed pretty much the same accuracy as my Holux M-241 off-camera GPS logger. As usual with GPS devices, tall buildings will have a negative effect on accuracy.

The LCD on top of the camera and the one on the back indicate if a Nikon-GP 1 (-compatible) GPS unit is connected.

In the GPS menu of the camera, the last position and the current UTC from the GPS satellites time are displayed. You can choose to automatically sync the camera to the GPS time in the menu.

Just like the Nikon GP-1, the YongNuo N-918 doesn’t have an internal compass, thus no heading is provided. If you’re looking for a GPS unit that provides heading information, you may want to have a look at Easytagger.

As with the competition, the built-in flash is unable to fully pop up as it’s being blocked by the GPS unit mounted on the hot shoe.

Uncovered internals

I was unable to determine what GPS chipset was used in the YongNuo N-918. Both, the antenna and the GPS controller don’t have any markings on them. I wasn’t not too impressed about the soldering job of the cables on the circuit board but the rest looks okay.


For half the price, the YongNuo N-918 offers everything the Nikon GP-1 does. The communication between the GPS unit and my Nikon D700 works flawlessly, in fact, the N-918 operates the same way the GP-1 does. Accuracy in the open is up to standard but don’t expect any GPS device to be 100% accurate amongst tall buildings because it just doesn’t “see” enough satellites. There’s one quality issue with the YongNuo GPS unit: The data cable plug can’t be tightened to the camera’s 10-pin terminal. There’s something odd with the thread on the plug. Fortunately, the plug attaches securely anyway just by pushing it in.

The GPS “auto meter off” option in newer Nikon DSLR cameras reduces the power consumption of an on-camera GPS unit. However, just like with any GPS device, the time to get an accurate position fix can be significant.

Further reading

If you want to know more about the slightly more expensive Phottix Geotagger One GPS unit you may want to head over to John Biehler’s blog and read his interesting comparison between the Phottix Geotagger and the Nikon GP-1.

More about the GPS “auto meter off” setting found in Nikon DSLRs. They also sell their own Nikon compatible GPS unit at a reasonable price and it seems they know what they’re talking about.

21 replies on “Geotagging with YongNuo GPS receiver for Nikon D700 (GP-1 compatible)”

  1. I had the problem with that I wanted to take pictures even before it reached any satelites, or just didnt have contact at all, because if it didnt have contact, it would use the last known position, wish is not always a good idea. For this to be done I had to be able to cut the rx-coord (which sends gps data to the camera) but still have power to the gps so that it could reach some sattelites in time… To acomplish this I made a small howto in a different forum, but it seemed hard to find so ill post it here as well :-)

  2. I just acquired the Yongnuo for my Nikon d90;
    Even hot, it take more than one minute to get the satellites. Cannot use the autometer off !!

  3. I savour, lead to I discovered just what I was looking for. You’ve ended my four day lengthy hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day. Bye

  4. I just bought it on eBay and it always shows same position, Guangdong city in China.

    I’m in Spain so…

    Any idea?

  5. If you have an iphone and use Aperture 3, you can also just take a picture at your location with the iphone. Then import the iphone GPS details and attach them to the other pics. It just means taking a new iphone picture at each new location. But that’s easy enough.

  6. I’ve had YongNuo 918 GPS for my Nikon D300 for a month. Tried a few times. Found It takes about 5-15 mins to get GPS signal when old start even in a wide field. Once GPS has started, it seems running smoothly. But I found if the camera run out the battery and shuts down itself. You’ll almost never get the GPS positioning back even replace the battery.

  7. Just remind Easytagger GPS also supports Compass and auto indoor fix. And plus the tracklogger.

  8. Hey, guys, I just bought a SAMSUNG WB650 – this camera has a built in Geotagging and GPS. The rationale behind it was, that I had to buy another GP-1 from NIKON or evilBay for my second camera, and you do not want to switch, while you are shooting. (The camera is only 100$ more than a NIKON GPS). I could take a shot of the scene and use it as a quasi photographic diary. While I was surprised by quality and features of the camera itself (If you are interested check test photos here:. , setting up the GPS seems to be cumbersome; manual and instructions are not clear. Has anyone experiences with it and “translate” instructions how to download and use?

  9. The main points for me are that this Geotagger has no

    – indoor fuction (Dawntech Mini 3L or Solmeta Geotagger Kompass do this better.
    – has no switch to turn it on/of. It runs allways on “auto” but it can be handy to use “on” even if the camera is off. Especially when travelling with people who do not want to wait for your GPS. My D90 feeds my Dawntech Mini 3L for about 30h with one battery (without taking pictures) So why bother?
    – has no further functions like Dawntech or Solmeta.

    ==> To my eayes this is just a cheap (I did not say bad) copy of GP-1 with no intelligent features as a plus.

  10. Bought this from ebay for 100$ including shipping. Works just like you described, but I think the soldering inside is loose, or it’s a damaged cable, because the GPS device seems to turn off at random times (nope, it’s not the Auto-Off setting). Ebay seller agreed for an exchange, as I don’t want to rip it apart just to find that I can’t repair myself. So your note on the bad soldering job seems to be quite accurate :)

  11. Thanks very much for the detailed information provided to the community. The nice thing in Photography is, you can learn so much from each other. I shoot D700 and D2x, with the different “crop” – factor and the HSC mode of the D2x I cover 12-1920 mm with only a couple of lenses. Adding a geo tagger is my next goal (In a couple of years every ‘reasonable” camera will have one built in). I still am not sure whether to carry a geotagger all time, like a watch and synchronize when editing photos, or a camera hardwired like the excellent described Yong Nuo N-918. We are using Yong Nuo wireless remotes on our intellishooter MKII, they work better than comparable Chinese products. Feedback is greatly appreciated!

  12. Another test yesterday at a number of locations around Perth returned similar results, ie. accuracy to within a few meters if the unit has enough time to log on properly. Excellent results.

  13. Just received a Yongnuo N-918 which I’m using with a Nikon D2X. The review is spot-on. I’ve found the unit very easy to use and very accurate, providing that you allow enough time for proper satellite access. Interestingly, the altitude reading, not something we normally pay much attention to, can be an indication of accuracy. This evening I was at the riverbank (in Perth, Western Australia) and at first the unit reported an altitude of 71m. I thought that this couldn’t be right, so waited a short time and reshot the photo. Subsequent checking in Picasa, using both the mapping (“Places”) and Geo-Tag functions, showed an accuracy within a few meters. I’ve had the same results at other locations.

    So if used properly there’s no doubt that this unit can produce very high-quality results.

  14. Hi, 77, this is Bryan from Easytag GPS. We have improved our product and the disturbing facts mentioned in the doc are no longer exists.

  15. Garby, yes, having a compass is a pretty unique feature for now but keep in mind that you have to always carry the camera in an upright position in order to use it to log a trail. Nobody does that. You’ll need to detach the device and mount it somewhere else, the antenna always facing the sky and once you take a photo, reconnect it to the camera. In theory the logging feature sounds good but I don’t see its practical value in the field.

  16. Many thanks for the detailed introduction. Yongnuo looks good. Just no other good features. I see easytagger can log the trail besides owning a compass.

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